Innowera - RDM: Inbound and Outbound Logistics

Innowera - RDM: Inbound and Outbound Logistics

RDM | Operations: Cross Functions | Inbound and Outbound Logistics

The Inbound process comprises all the steps of an external procurement process that occur when the goods are received; the outbound part covers the necessary activities for preparation and shipping of goods to their destination. Furthermore, Inbound and Outbound Logistics with SAP ERP covers the execution aspects of transportation providing a complete and integrated solution to create, execute, and monitor shipments. The planning aspects of transportation to create an optimized, executable transportation plan are covered in SAP SCM.

Inbound Processing Goods Receipt Is a follow-on activity to a purchase order. It forms the basis for updating the financials and inventory records and can trigger warehouse management and quality management processes. With the warehouse management system, you can control the goods receipt and goods issue processes at a physical level. Goods receipts are possible from purchase order, inbound deliveries (advanced shipping notice), stock transport orders, or from production orders. Goods receipt begins the put away process, which is supported by different advanced strategies.
Outbound Processing

The outbound delivery forms the basis for goods issue posting. The data required for goods issue posting is copied from the outbound delivery into the goods issue document. When you post goods issue for an outbound delivery, the following functions are carried out on the basis of the goods issue document:

Transportation Execution SAP Transportation Management provides different options for consolidating deliveries and orders as shipments. It is possible to combine orders based on rules and strategies, based on optimization logic in SAP APO, or interactively and manually in SAP ERP and SAP APO. It is also possible to combine orders using collaboration over the Internet. If you decide to rely on your carrier's ability to consolidate your orders into shipments, you can give your carrier access to your deliveries through the Internet, where it can consolidate your shipments. Different types of shipment documents have been defined to enable you to reflect in the system the various forms of transportation used. You can use shipment documents to:
Freight Costing Calculates and settles freight costs. Freight Cost Calculation An accurate and detailed freight cost calculation is essential for the verification of invoices sent from the carrier or to self-bill carriers. Shipment costs are calculated using the standard condition technique for pricing.
Product Classification The process of assigning official material numbers for the export or import of goods is called product classification. It is a time-consuming task that involves intimate knowledge of multiple classification taxonomies and is open to a range of interpretations. The product classification capabilities of SAP Customs Management simplify this important task by enabling companies to upload classification data from authorized providers. To classify a product, users can search for the right number via drill-down or employ powerful phonetic search capabilities that scour the schema and make intelligent classification proposals.
Duty Calculation Upon importing into any country, import duty is to be calculated and paid to Customs Authorities. The Duty Calculation capabilities of SAP Customs Management enable the calculation of the import duty to be paid and store this information in customs documents. Tax rate data for different customs authorities can be uploaded from data providers or maintained manually. With abilities to account for value-adds, rebates, transportation costs, insurance, royalties, and other mitigating considerations, the calculator accurately determines duty rates based on the ultimate transaction value of the imported commodities.
Customs Communication Service The Customs Communication Service enables the electronic communication with customs authorities for transit and customs procedures. The customs communication process is defined via a process profile. In this profile, the necessary activities for communicating with the customs authorities are defined. The corresponding inbound or outbound EDI messages can be assigned to each activity. Using these profiles, SAP GTS can handle various international customs communication processes, such as the New Computerized Transit System (NCTS) in the European Union, the Automated Export System (AES) in the United States, the Integrated Cargo System (ICS) in Australia, and others.
Trade Document Service Trade Document Service enables the printing of complete and accurate import and export documents that facilitates prompt clearance by customs officials. The Trade Document Service capabilities of SAP Customs Management automatically determine which document or document set should be printed for a given process. This simplifies decision making and ensures that all needed documentation is generated for any specific customs situation. All documents are printed in appropriate formats and include relevant information such as the legal regulation being complied with, country of origin, and port of entry.
Trade Preference Processing Leveraging the benefits of the preferential agreements put forth by the European Union (EU) and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is business-critical for corporations to stay competitive in the global marketplace. The Trade Preference Processing capabilities of SAP GTS help companies to take advantage of reduced rates on customs duties or exemption based on established rules. SAP GTS automates the entire process including requesting vendor declarations from suppliers, calculating and publishing eligibility information in sales documents, and providing detailed reports. SAP GTS thereby helps companies comply with regional trade agreements, eliminate risks through documentation and audit trails, and ensure competitiveness through reduced duty rates.